Return Home

IA2030 Scorecard

— Global View

  • Type to select a Country

SP 5: Outbreaks & Emergencies
5.1

Outbreak detection and response

What Does this Indicator Measure?

The indicator measures the proportion of polio, measles, meningococcal disease, yellow fever, cholera, and Ebola outbreaks with timely detection and response. The indicator includes only outbreaks with an outbreak response vaccination campaign. This indicator ensures preparation for, detection of, and rapid, high-quality responses to vaccine preventable disease outbreaks.

How Will Progress be Measured?

Progress will be measured by the time of onset of an outbreak to the implementation of a vaccination campaign. The maximum time for the period from onset of outbreak to implementation of vaccination campaign to be considered timely will be defined for each vaccine. Criteria for determining onset of outbreak and timeliness of outbreak detection and response to be consistent with WHO surveillance standards and disease eradication, elimination, or control strategies.

Proportion of outbreaks with timely detection and response
 (%)—Global

= Timely
= Untimely

Summary Table

Outbreaks with timely detection and response
PathogenBaseline2021
Total6 out of 258 out of 29
Ebola1 out of 13 out of 3
Yellow Fever1 out of 53 out of 6
Meningococcus0 out of 61 out of 7
Cholera2 out of 81 out of 10
Measles2 out of 60 out of 3
Poliovirus (cVDPV)No dataNo data
Poliovirus (WPV)No dataNo data
Definition: Proportion of polio, measles, meningococcal disease, yellow fever, cholera, and Ebola outbreaks* with timely** detection and response

Ebola: 51 days from 1st case onset of symptoms to start of response vaccination campaign

Yellow Fever: 86 days from 1st case onset of symptoms to start of response vaccination campaign.

Wild Poliovirus: 63 days from 1st case onset of paralysis to start of response vaccination campaign.

Circulating Vaccine Derived Poliovirus: 63 days from 1st case onset of paralysis to start of response vaccination campaign.

Mesales (non-endemic): 69 days from 1st case onset of symptoms to start of response vaccination campaign.

Measles (endemic): 35 days from when incidence crosses epidemic threshold to start of response vaccination campaign.

Meningococcus: 27 days from when incidence crosses epidemic threshold to start of response vaccination campaign.

Cholera: 27 days from when incidence crosses epidemic threshold to start of response vaccination campaign.

Measurement approach: Information from the International Coordinating Group on vaccine provision, Measles Rubella Initiative, Global Polio Eradication Initiative, and WHO World Health Emergencies group, supplemented by national immunization and disease surveillance programs via the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form. Over the next few years, additional pathogens may be added to the scope of SP 5.1 in alignment with global vaccine-preventable disease eradication, elimination and control goals, particularly as additional outbreak-prone diseases become vaccine-preventable.
Calculation: Calculation of indicator will involve division of collective total number of known polio, measles, meningococcal disease, yellow fever, cholera, and Ebola outbreaks with timely detection and outbreak response vaccination campaigns by collective total number of known polio, measles, meningococcal disease, yellow fever, cholera, and Ebola outbreaks with outbreak response vaccination campaigns.
Data source: ICG, MRI, GPEI, WHO, national immunization and disease surveillance programs. Information will be systematically collected from national immunization and disease surveillance programs to provide data for regional and global level data.