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IA2030 Scorecard

— Global View

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SP 2: Commitment & Demand
2.2

Demand for immunization

What Does this Indicator Measure?

Focused interventions are needed to ensure that people and communities value, actively support, and seek out immunization services. Tailored strategies can increase acceptance and demand for vaccination, which should include ongoing community engagement and trust-building, monitoring for misinformation, and crisis response planning. Service quality is a major target for interventions, as well as strategic communications to build a positive information environment.

How Will Progress be Measured?

Countries report on the implementation of behavioral or social strategies to address under-vaccination in the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form on Immunization (JRF). Findings were relatively consistent across all WHO regions, yet high-income countries and upper-middle-income countries were less likely to report having implemented demand-focused programs. From 2021 onward, advocates hope to see an increase in the proportion of countries reporting on the implementation of behavioral or social strategies to address under-vaccination.

Proportion of countries that have implemented behavioural or social strategies (i.e., demand generation strategies) to address under-vaccination—Global

= Yes
= No
= Countries reported no data, not relevant, or did not report, excluded from analysis

Summary Table

Number of countries2021
Total with response147 out of 194
With behavioural and social drivers of vaccination127 out of 147
Without behavioural and social drivers of vaccination20 out of 147
No response39 out of 194
No data3 out of 194
Not relevant5 out of 194
Definition: Percentage of countries that have implemented behavioral or social strategies (i.e. demand generation strategies) to address under-vaccination
Measurement approach: On the WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form on Immunization (JRF), countries answered whether, in the previous year, they had implemented any behavioral or social strategies (i.e., demand generation strategies) to address under-vaccination. Examples given included interventions to improve access to vaccination, improve service quality, and build capacity among healthcare workers. Other interventions included may also communicate or educate the public, manage misinformation based on social or digital listening data, or create supportive policies (e.g., incentives).
Calculation: Proportion of countries reporting yes or no. Countries that did not report data (no data, not relevant, and no response) are excluded from analysis.
Data source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Reporting Form on Immunization (JRF)